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Patient education is especially important when it comes to dental implants, which can help replace missing teeth. With that in mind, let's take a moment to cover the basics of dental implant anatomy.
Dental implants are artificial tooth roots that are surgically embedded into the jawbone and gum tissue of a patient's mouth. When the dental implants are in place, they are able to support various kinds of appliances to restore the appearance and function of the teeth.
Dental implants can be used to support dental bridges, partial dentures, full dentures, and even individual dental crowns.
The best candidates for dental implants are people who have sufficient bone and gum tissue density in place to support the implants. They should be in generally good health so that oral surgery does not pose a potential health risk. It's important that patients understand the nature of the procedure as well as the months-long recovery time necessary for successful treatment.
The implant post of a traditional dental implant is what most people think of when they hear the term "dental implant". The implant post is a screw that is anchored directly into the living tissue of the mouth. The bone and gum tissue will grow around it, fusing the implant post with these tissues in a process known as osseointegration. The implant post is most often made of titanium, which is a biocompatible metal that the body will not reject.
The implant abutment is the connection point of the dental implant. This is helps attach the implant post to the bridge, denture, or crown. The abutment can be made of different kinds of materials depending on your needs: titanium, stainless steel, gold, zirconia, or ceramics.
The dental appliance refers to the restoration that is attached to the dental implant. Whether it's a dental crown, a dental bridge, or a denture, all efforts will be made to ensure that the appliance is customized to the patient. Aesthetics as well as overall fit and function are considered when the dental appliance is crafted.
The above describes the typical endosteal dental implant set-up. There is another approach to implant dentistry that uses subperiosteal dental implants.
Subperiosteal dental implants are a frame that is placed below the gum tissue but on top of the jawbone rather than into the jawbone. The frame braces around the jawbone structure for support. Subperiosteal implants are used when a patient has shallow jawbone density but is an otherwise good candidate for implant dentistry.
To learn more about implant dentistry and whether or not it's the right option for you, be sure to contact our advanced dental care center today. We will help you smile confidently and experience optimal dental health.
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